For movers and packers or delivery business owner, pickup trucks are their bread and butter. The vehicle enables them to tow and haul goods with ease. While those in the business for years have a fleet, other’s who are new or have just started, make do with one or two trucks. If you are planning to expand your fleet but are on a budget, check out the pre-owned or salvage pickup trucks available at auto auction sites, as you can get them at a fraction of their price. During your search for a pickup truck, apart from paying heads to the specifications of the vehicle, including its engine, mileage, and towing capacity, it is crucial that you note it’s weight ratio and related detailings. To help, we list five terms related to pickup trucks that you must know.
1. Cargo Weight
It is easy to misinterpret the cargo weight just as the weight of the cargo, but cargo weight is the complete weight of the pickup truck after it’s packed with the necessary cargo. If you’re towing a trailer, the trailer tongue weight is also added to the cargo weight.
2. Curb Weight
Curb weight is the complete weight of the truck without passengers, cargo or optional equipment. It means the weight of a truck with a full fuel tank, all engine fluids, and the standard equipment is its curb weight.
3. Tongue Weight
Tongue weight is the weight of the trailer pressing down on the trailer hitch. It is a percentage of total trailer weight. If you read a pickup truck has 10 percent tongue weight, it means you can tow 10 percent of the weight of the trailer. The number is relatively small as a heavy load on the tongue can push down the trailer in the back, damaging the rear suspension. Too little weight, on the other hand, can reduce rear-wheel traction, causing instability.
4. Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR)
GVWR is an important number as it signifies the maximum weight allowed on a fully loaded pickup truck. The rating is calculated after taking into account the passengers, cargo, and trailer tongue weight. Make sure the gross vehicle weight of your pickup trucks never exceeds the GVWR.
5. Gross Combined Weight Rating (GCWR)
The GCWR is another crucial characteristic of a pickup truck. The rating highlights the maximum weight a pickup truck with a trailer, cargo, and passengers can handle without risking damage. For safety measures, make sure your pickup truck’s gross combined weight must never exceed the GCWR.
The Bottom Line
Knowing these terms will help you select the right pickup truck for your business. Also, you can better manage the weight of the truck with respect to the materials to load and avoid overloading. An overloaded truck will not only land you in legal trouble but also impacts the truck’s performance and lead to premature wear and tear. To make sure you don’t have to break your bank to increase your fleet of pickup trucks, browse the inventory of leading automobile auction sites for pre-owned and salvage trucks, and select the right pickup truck for your business.